Tobacco is a product prepared from the leaves of the tobacco plant by curing them. The plant is part of the genus Nicotiana and of the Solanaceae (nightshade) family. It contains alkaloid nicotine.
It is mainly used for smoking in cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and flavored shisha tobacco. It is risk factor for many terminal diseases like cancer, heart attacks, strokes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
It is slowly becoming an addiction. The WHO estimates that tobacco caused 5.4 million deaths in 2004 and 100 million deaths over the course of the 20th century. In 2008, the World Health Organization named tobacco as the world’s single greatest preventable cause of death.
The member states of the World Health Organization (WHO) created World No Tobacco Day in 1987. The day is intended to draw attention to the widespread prevalence of tobacco use and to negative health effects, which currently lead to more than 7 million deaths each year worldwide.
Every year WHO decides a theme for the day. In 2018 theme was “Tobacco breaks hearts”. In 2019 it is “tobacco and lung health.” This time it will increase awareness on the negative impact that tobacco has on people’s lung health, from cancer to chronic respiratory disease. It will also tell us what the fundamental role lungs play for the health and well-being of all people.
World No Tobacco Day 2019 will focus on the multiple ways that tobacco affects the health of people’s lungs worldwide. These will include lung cancer, chronic respiratory disease and tuberculosis. Globally it is estimated that 60,000 infants die because of low respiratory infections. Those who live on into adulthood continue to suffer the health problems.
The most effective measure to improve lung health is to reduce tobacco use and second-hand smoke exposure. Despite strong evidence of the harms of tobacco on lung health, the potential of tobacco control for improving lung health remains underestimated.
In 2019 World-No Tobacco Day will raise awareness on tobacco smoking on lungs. It will also emphasis on magnitude of death and illness globally from lung diseases caused by tobacco, including chronic respiratory diseases and lung cancer. They will also show emerging evidence on the link between tobacco smoking and tuberculosis deaths.
Public should also vow to stop the consumption of tobacco because any awareness program can’t change anything unless we swear to change our habits. So STOP the consumption of tobacco and celebrate every day as NO-TOBACCO DAY.
The Correspondent Bureau