The whole of India is celebrating Eid-ul-Fitr or Eid as it is popularly known after a month of fasting in the holy of Ramadan or Ramzan. Eid is the celebration for which every Muslim wait with bated breath after a month of abstinence from food, water and sex from dawn to dusk during the course of fasting in Ramzan.
Ramzan is one of the five pillars of Islam, which include Shahadah (declaration of faith), Namaz (praying five times a day), Hajj and charity to poor. It is incumbent upon every Muslim to observe these five fundamentals of Islam. Ramzan is that month of the Islamic calendar when Muslims believe the verses of the Koran were first revealed by God.
What is Eid-ul-Fitr
Eid-ul-Fitr itself means ‘festival of breaking the fast’. It is the celebration that marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan. On the day of Eid, it is sinful or Haram to observe Roza (fasting) as the festival itself marks the end of Ramadan. The festival is celebrated in Shawwal, the tenth month of Islamic Lunar Calendar.
Many non-Muslims often confuse Eid-ul-Fitr with Eid-ul-Azha, which is celebrated in the Islamic month of Hajj. The festival of Eid-ul-Fitr is synonymous with the ‘meethi sewaiyan’ or sweet vermicelli prepared using dry fruits and other ingredients.
How Muslims celebrate Eid
It is a day of feasting and celebration with family and friends. People buy the best of clothes for themselves and their family members to celebrate the occasion. Muslims all over the world begin their celebrations with the Eid prayer. The prayer is conducted at a large space called ‘Eidgah’ where thousands of congregants gather to offer their prayers. The community members exchange gifts with their loved ones and children can be seen receiving a special gift called ‘Eidi’ which is basically a small amount of money given to them to buy things they want.
After Eid prayers, the specially cooked ‘sewaiyan’ are relished and the rest of the day is spent celebrating with friends and family members. This is also a day when the people remember their deceased and visit their graves after the Eid prayers. Muslims offer prayers at the graves seeking forgiveness for relatives.
Wishing ‘Eid Mubarak’
Traditionally, people embrace each other and greet each other with ‘Eid Mubarak’ or Happy Eid to mark the festival.
Eid is not all about the food
This festival is an occasion to mend strained ties. The festival encourages people to forgive and set aside their differences and hostilities of the past. Another important aspect of Eid-ul-Fitr is the “Fitr” or charity. On this occasion, Muslims are also required to pay ‘Fitra’ or charity. According to Islamic rules, the ‘Fitr’ of obligatory charity should be paid prior to Eid.
The Correspondent Bureau with inputs from agencies