The Department of Gastroenterology at the Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh is organising a patient education program for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) on Saturday at the Bhargava auditorium in PGI between 2 to 5 pm. Prof Rakesh Kochhar, head of the department, informed that IBD is a common disease which affects the digestive system. The incidence of IBD is steadily increasing and may be related to the westernisation of the dietary habits. Some studies have shown that IBD is as common in North India as in the western world. Genetics, immune response and changes in the dietary pattern also play a role in the causation of this disease. The incidence of IBD is steadily increasing and may be related to the westernisation of the dietary habits. Prof Usha Dutta informed that ulcerative colitis is associated with formation of ulcers in the large intestine and patients may present with bleeding per rectum and diarrhea. Crohn’s disease may affect any part of the intestine from mouth to the anal canal and patients may have abdominal pain, diarrhea, loss of weight and appetite. To ensure early detection and appropriate treatment of these illnesses, patients who have bleeding from the rectum, abdominal pain and diarrhoea lasting more than 4 weeks should consult gastroenterologists early.
Inflammatory bowel disease is of extreme concern to people in North India because of the increasing number of patients affected by the disease and because it can mimic other diseases like abdominal tuberculosis and colorectal cancer. Colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy are important tools for the diagnosis of these disease. Nowadays, stool calprotectin test is available to pick up evidence of intestinal inflammation. This test obviates, to some extent, the need for repeated endoscopy in these patients. The test is available in the institute.With proper treatment and follow up, the disease can be controlled and complications like malignancy can be prevented.
Prof SK Sinha informed that the patients with inflammatory bowel disease are often concerned about the kind of diet which is preferable for them, the duration of drug therapy, need for repeated endoscopy, the need for surgery, risk of complications like cancer and whether the disease is curable. Experts from the institute will talk to the patients regarding the nature of the disease, various diagnostic and treatment modalities, and inform the patients about practices to be followed in daily life so as to control the disease. This will be followed by a question and answer session where queries from the patients will be addressed.
The Correspondent Bureau